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Black Walnut

Latin: Juglans nigra

Family: Junglandaceae

Description - the trees are rounded with a wide open crown on a thick trunk.

 

Leaf - leaves are made up of many smaller, finely serrated leaves (compound), directly across from each other (pinnate). 12 - 23 leaflets.

 

Bark - nearly black with deep furrowed, broad intersecting ridges.

 

Bud - stout, dark brown, egg shaped (ovoid) and hairy.

 

Twig - stout, hollow with chambered pith.

 

Flower - appear with leaves in spring. Male flower is drooping green catkin, female flower is solitary or several on the stem.

 

Fruit - rough, grooved nut in smooth, rounded, green, aromatic husk.

 

Habitat - found in moist clay and sandy soils.

Wildlife Value - nuts are preferred food of squirrels, deer, small rodents and red-bellied woodpeckers. Foliage is food for the luna moth.

 

Wood - used in furniture, musical instruments, veneer, and cabinets. Wood is resistant to decay.

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