Latin: Betula alleghaniensis
About - largest birch species in North America, the common name referring to the yellowish bark.
Description - broad, round and open crown.
Leaf - simple, alternate, oval in shape, double toothed, hairy on the underside, on a short stalk.
Bark - yellowish when young, with age darkening to bronze/black, thin papery curls, breaks into plates that roll back at the edges, aromatic, and ignitable even when wet.
Bud - brown and pointed.
Twig - usually hairy, smell and tastes of wintergreen when crushed. New shoots are dull grey-brown and initially hairy.
Flower - male flower appears in hanging catkins and female flower in erect catkins.
Fruit - cone like (strobiles) containing many tiny 2 winged nutlets in hairy cone scales.
Habitat - requires good drainage and constant moisture found in low lying areas.
Wildlife Value - buds, catkins, seeds are food for small mammals and birds. Foliage and twigs are browsed by deer and rabbits.
Wood - used in flooring and interior finishes, furniture, veneers, and plywood.