Latin: Fagus grandifolia
Description - form tall slender or broad and rounded crown depending on site location. Are slow growing and shade tolerant. Often have saplings from root suckers.
Leaf - alternate, simple, coarsely toothed, elliptical shape, straight parallel veins.
Bark - smooth and light grey, like elephant legs.
Bud - brown, polished, finely hairy at the apex, diverging from twig.
Twig - slender, slightly zigzagged.
Flower - male and female flowers occur on the same tree. Male flower is yellowish with globe shaped heads, paired, short stemmed female flowers near branch tips.
Fruit - 3 sided edible, shiny nut, usually 2 in a 4 parted brown prickly husk.
Habitat - well drained, upland loamy soils.
Wildlife Value - the fruit is eaten by squirrels, turkeys, rodents, and deer.
Wood - used for boxes, pallets, railway ties, furniture, flooring, veneer, musical instruments.
Problems - fruit production is undependable and trees may not bare for several years. Are susceptible to a disease which was imported to Canada in the 1890s.