top of page
  • Twitter Social Icon
  • Facebook Social Icon
  • Twitter Social Icon
  • Facebook Social Icon

Bitternut Hickory

Latin: Carya cordiformis

Family: Junglandaceae

Description - broad, rounded crown.


Leaf - leaves are made up of many finely toothed smaller leaflets (compound), opposite each other on the leaf stem.  7 - 9 leaflets.


Bark - grey or light brown, shallow furrows which fork into scaly ridges.


Bud - bright yellow slightly flattened buds which appears at the end of the twig. Bud scales do not overlap.


Twig - easily identified by slender twigs.


Flower -  appear before leaves, male flowers in slender drooping catkins, three hanging from one stalk, 1 - 2 female flowers at the tip.


Fruit - nearly round with 4 wings rising from the tip, the thin shell contains a nearly smooth bitter nut inside.


Habitat - moist soils of valleys, and dry upland soils.


Uses - early settlers used oil extracted from the nut for oil lamps and believed the oil was a cure for rheumatism.


1-888-773-2955 ​​ 

48075 Jamestown Line R.R. #2, Aylmer ON N5H 2R2

bottom of page